Epidemiology of hearing loss prevalence and risk factors
Recent epidemiologic research led by members of the Center has highlighted the substantial impact of hearing loss in society. Center researchers including Adele Goman and Nicholas Reed are continuing to investigate the prevalence of different types of hearing loss and the impact that hearing loss will have in the future. Clinically meaningful hearing loss is highly prevalent, affecting nearly two thirds of adults over the age of seventy. The number of people with a clinically meaningful hearing loss is expected to rise in the coming decades, given the aging population.
Ongoing work led by center researcher Adele Goman is exploring the geographic variations in hearing loss prevalence and the number of people with hearing loss, across the U.S. This work is also exploring the geographic distribution of hearing care services to identify areas that may benefit from additional hearing care options.
Established risk factors for hearing loss include male sex, white race, loud noise exposure and older age. Ongoing work at the Center, led by Jennifer Deal, is investigating the role of vascular factors in risk of hearing loss in mid-to-late life.
- Prevalence of Hearing Loss by Severity in the United States Adele M. Goman, Frank R. Lin Am J Public Health. 2016 Oct; 106(10): 1820–1822.
- Prevalence of Hearing Aid Use Among Older Adults in the United States. Wade Chien, Frank R. Lin Arch Intern Med. 2012 Feb 13; 172(3): 292–293.